Optometry’s sex change?

The ’80s: bad hairdos, shoulder pads, high-waisted jeans and male optoms vastly outnumbering female optoms. Then, in 1987, things changed. For the first...

Relative afferent pupillary defect: role and assessment

Relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) is one of the more important clinical signs in neuro-ophthalmic examination. Quite often its presence is the...

Summer’s blight: pterygia

A pterygium is a common benign ocular surface growth. It typically starts on the nasal conjunctiva close to the limbus as a pinkish, triangular tissue...

Allergic to glasses?

Ugly, red blotches; itchy, inflamed spots; oozing sores. No, this is not a description of a zombie from the latest horror flick, but a patient suffering...

TFOS DEWS II: a year on…

It’s been a full year since the outcomes of the Tear Film & Ocular Surface Society’s second Dry Eye Workshop (now better known as TFOS DEWS II) were...

Understanding the “lid wiper”

We blink around 10,000 times a day, with the eyelids traversing the length of a football pitch in distance each day. Wiping over the eye’s surface with...

Diabetes, dry eye and ‘Substance P’?

Diabetes has now reached epidemic proportions affecting millions of people across the world. It is estimated around 54% of patients with diabetes suffer...

Dry eye and autologous serum?

The tear film and ocular surface are extremely complex, with tear film playing a vital role in maintaining ocular surface health. Not only does it provide...

Bottom Banner Advert